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The Balcarka Cave
Spustit virtuln prohldku

CHARACTERISTICS

  • 60 min / Tour duration
  • 720 m  / Tour length
  • 7 - 8 °C / Air temperature

    THE CAVE TOUR

    Your visit to this cave begins at the huge natural entry portal of Balcar’s Rock. It has been known since long ago and was already used by Palaeolithic people – pointed stones, bones and remains of fireplaces are remainders of them. You will follow an artificial tunnel coming into a small space discovered in 1920 by Josef Šamalík, a local resident, farmer and also a deputy. The colourfulness of sinter coatings and stalagmites make them very attractive. The first stop is in a room about 10 m high called Wilsonovy rotundy (Wilson’s Rotundas). The bigger one is a beautifully modelled circular shaft covered with sinter cascades.

    From here the route continues into the biggest hall of the Balcarka maze – Fochův (Velký) dóm (Foch's Large Chamber). It is an elongated space with the dimensions of 65 x 20 x 15 metres named after a brave French marshal from World War I. The ceiling is formed by transparent stalactites and sinter curtains; the doline depression in the bottom of the cave shows evidence of so far unknown spaces that continue into the depth.

    When you finish viewing all of the picturesque parts of Fochův dóm, you step out into the parts discovered later, in the second half of the 1930s. Galerie (Gallery) and Přírodní chodba (Natural Hallway) – also Jubilejní dómy Masarykovy (Masaryk’s Jubilee Chambers) – are interconnected, but the pavement is successively in two height levels there. Now you are in the most beautiful part of the Moravian Karst – stalactite decoration on the walls and ceilings is very rich, well-preserved and clear here. The walls of Přírodní chodba are covered with sinter coatings. Pass the corridor with the flat ceiling, Loutkové divadélko (Marionette Theatre) and Cukrová pohádka (Sweet Fairy Tale), and you will get back to the parts discovered in 1924. Dóm zkázy (Destruction Chamber) was created by ceiling collapses, as demonstrated by agglomerated boulders on the bottom. Madona (Madonna) and Kaktus (Cactus) are very interesting high sinterfalls made of stalactites. The cave route continues round the ceiling of Wilsonovy rotundy to Objevitelský dóm (Discoverer’s Chamber), also called Stojanova kaple (Stojan's Chapel). When in 1924 the doline on the top of Balcar’s Rock was dug through by local residents of Ostrov, they descended through the abyss right into this space. Its walls and ceiling are covered with moonmilk coating – a calcic pulpy material that is formed in a process probably supported by microorganisms. The last stop in the cave is Popeluška (Cinderella), which was among the first spaces discovered in 1923 and only later it was interconnected with the main spaces of the Balcarka Cave.

     

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