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The Na Pomezí Caves
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THE JESENÍK KARST

The Jeseník Karst could be said to be a simplified name for the series of big bodies and smaller islets of crystalline limestones – marbles rising from folded complexes of metamorphic rocks and plutonic magmatites of geological units of the region of the Lužické Mountains and the Moravian-Silesian Region in the Králický Sněžník Mountains, the Hanušovická Highlands, the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains, the Rychlebské Mountains and the Zlatohorská Highlands of East Sudetenland in Northern Moravia. Numerous underground and surface karst phenomena, predominantly dolines, ponors, seepages and even caves were formed in local limestones. In total, there are more than 100 caves and abysses in the Jeseník Karst.
 

THE NA POMEZÍ CAVES

  • They are formed in the lens of crystalline limestones in the northern part of the karst of the Branná area, between the villages of Lipová-lázně and Vápenná at the foot of the Smrčník Hill.
  • They comprise the longest cave system formed in crystalline limestones (marbles) in the Czech Republic.
  • The two-level system of fissure corridors and chambers was formed by gradual corrosion of atmospheric waters and underground streams.
  • They were discovered in 1937, but most of the areas were not penetrated until 1949. The caves have been open to the public in the present extent since 1955.
  • The total length of all the corridors known today is 1320 m with denivelation of 47 m. Together with the neighbouring cave Liščí díra (Fox Hole) they form a system with the total length of 1,760 m.
  • The cave tour is 390 m long and the tour duration is 45 minutes.
  • Air temperature in the caves is 7–8°C, relative humidity ca. 95%.

 
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